LINUX distro is created with a specific program package based on sources are available and packaged in such a way as to have a better view or different features in accordance with the wishes of the distro maker. There are distros that focus on distribution means that the server is more optimized to the server system so that the bundled software or programs that are specific to the server just examples for this distro include: Trustix Secure Linux, Server Turbo Linux, Red Hat Enterprise Server, Server Optimize Linux (SoL ), Mandrake Security and many other examples.

When the new Linux users acquainted with Linux, they usually hit on the problem of distribution that will be used / selected. Broadly speaking the same Linux distro that is using ‘kernel’ Linux, the difference is only in the program package, the installation program, organizational directories and files, application programs and additional utilities.

Below are some Linux distributions:

Debian / GNU Linux
Debian GNU / Linux is a non-commercial distributions produced by volunteers from around the world working together via the Internet. These distributions want a spirit of open-source that must remain on Debian. This dynamic of making each release distribution packets are updated every time and can be accessed via apt-get utility. Apt-get is a command-line utility that can be used dynamically to upgrade system for Debian GNU / Linux repository via apt-wide network of Debian archive. Debian mailing lists and forums are always full of good messages about bugs, problems, sharing, etc.. With the existence of this communication system bugs and security problems on each package can be reported by Debian users and developers quickly. The advantage of Debian is upgradeability, the dependence between packages well defined, and its development in the open.

Ubuntu is a Linux distribution based on Debian system.
The Ubuntu project is sponsored by Canonical Ltd (owned by Mark Shuttleworth’s company).
Ubuntu’s name derives from the name of a concept of ideology in South Africa. “Ubuntu” comes from the ancient language of Africa, which means “a sense of humanity towards fellow human beings.“

Red Hat Linux
Red Hat is a fairly popular distro among Linux developers and companies. Support-technical support, training, certification, application development, and the merging of the kernel hackers and free-software such as Alan Cox, Michael Johnson, Stephen Tweedie makes Red Hat to expand rapidly and are used in the company. The biggest point of this distro is Red Hat Package Manager (RPM). RPM is a software to manage packages on our Linux systems and is considered the de-facto standard in packaging the distros and their derivatives which is widely supported distro.

Fedora (previously called Fedora Core, sometimes also called Fedora Linux) is a Linux distribution based on RPM and yum, developed by the Fedora Project which is supported by a community of programmers and sponsored by Red Hat.
The name comes from a character Fedora fedora used in Red Hat logo.

Knoppix is a Linux live-cd distro that can be run through a CD-ROM without installing them on your hard-disk. Application is complete and suitable for a demo or to learn Linux for those who do not already have on your hard-disk space, can also rescue CD. The downside of knoppix is necessary to use a huge memory of 96 MB of graphics mode though it can also run on 64 MB memory with a swap on the hard-disk as the author’s experience but you need a little patience. This distro based on Debian GNU / Linux.

Commercial Linux

1. Lycoris
Lycoris is a linux distro that has made a Linux version of the beautiful and resembles WinXP, in terms of color, icon, as well as existing easiness. Displays a screenshot on his site you can observe that indeed Lycoris is Linux distributions that beautify themselves so clever using Lycoris you’ll find it works with Windows XP. Even OpenOffice which is bundled with Lycoris had a beautiful icon and distinctive Lycoris. Lycoris has different packages, and package Linuxnya distro called Desktop / LX. IRIS is Lycros has fasiltias Internet Rapid Installer for Linux Software to update you with new software. It’s just that this distro is not free and you need to pay with a number of “U.S. dollars”.

2. Xandros
Xandros has better integration with Windows networks, capable of running OfficeXP applications, able to resize NTFS partitions during installation, etc. Xandros is also free but not a commercial product.

Briefly Xandros offers the following advantages:

- Five easy steps graphical installation

- Management integrated partition

- Display the familiar

- Quality applications from Xandros engineers

- Compatibility with Microsoft file formats

3. Lindows
Lindows Lycoris is still less than in terms of beauty but Lindows has the look more mature and has reached version 4.0. The facility is attractive from the Lindows Click-n-Run is getting thousands of Linux software facilities that have been configured for Lindows with a single click, and this installation process can also add a shortcut on the desktop and program list are otomatis. Lindows also a commercial product.

4. Linare
Linare has a special Linux distribution and desktop CPU already installed package Linare. Linare still seldom heard and is a newcomer. Linare is also a commercial product.

Sources: blogs, forums, news, etc.

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